Periodontal disease or gum disease occurs when bacteria start growing in your mouth. If left untreated, they will end up with tooth loss due to the degeneration of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. It comes without any warning, and in the beginning stage, the gums get sore, bleeding easily, and causing bad breath. It is easy to control periodontal disease at an early stage. As it continues to get severe, teeth start loosening and separate, also making changes in the bite and leading to tooth loss.
What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease?
The most common signs and symptoms of periodontal disease are, as such:
Bleeding gums: Bleeding gums are considered a warning sign of gum disease.
Bad breath: Persisting bad breath may occur due to odor-causing bacteria that accumulate in the spaces between the teeth.
Redness or swelling of the gums: You might experience gum inflammation, which is considered as the first visible sign of having periodontal disease.
Receding gums:If the teeth appear longer than they usually are, that may be due to gum recession that start exposing some of the tooth roots.
Sensitivity:The exposed tooth roots might get sensitive to hot or cold.
Periodontal abscess:The periodontal pocket gets enclosed with bacteria, filling the area with pus, which gets painful and swollen.
Loose teeth: Due to bone loss, teeth start getting loose or migrate. You might experience tooth loss if you apply excessive force while biting from clenching or grinding.
Does periodontal disease affect overall health?
Even though periodontal disease begins in your mouth, but it is linked with severe health conditions, like cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and preterm births. Periodontal disease increases the level of systemic inflammation and can cause various chronic inflammatory diseases.
Find out more about periodontal disease as you visit our office. Contact Dentist in San Jose, CA at 408.286.3229 or request an appointment online.